patterns. we may be the only mature economy to somehow decouple production and innovation. trust me, germans are doing it, japanese or not contain these are not. some bad news. quinn talked about the great recession, a loss of 8.5 million jobs. manufacturing was the loss. 2.3 million manufacturing jobs lost during the recession. more than construction, more than business and professional services, more than trade and transportation. think about the great recession, finance sector, manufacturing took the brunt of it. in the last decade, we lost 6 million manufacturing jobs in the united states. once you lose those jobs come and trust me, engineering, product development, technology skills, they leave the country. third point is some good news.